Diet to Follow and Avoid for Thyroid Problems

The Ugly Truth About Diet To Follow And Avoid For Thyroid Problems

Thyroid facilitates regulation of body temperature, heartbeat, and metabolism. Disorders related to the Thyroid Problems are pretty common. As per a study conducted by experts, around 30 percent of develope the condition once in their lifetime.

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) may cause the following symptoms:

  • Sudden and rapid weight loss
  • Faster heartbeat
  • Anxiety

Hypothyroidism (an underactive thyroid) may trigger the following symptoms:

  • Constipation
  • Weight gain
  • Extreme fatigue

Consult your doctor as soon as you suspect a problem related to thyroid. Apart from medication, you need to focus on a few lifestyle changes that may help keep your thyroid on track.

Listed below is a proper diet that should be opted or avoided for thyroid.

Diet Foods for Thyroid

Here’s a list of foods you must have for keeping thyroid functioning at its healthiest state:

Iodine – Add sea vegetables, seafood, iodized sea salt, eggs, mushrooms, spinach, summer squash, garlic, sesame seeds, asparagus, and lima beans to your diet.

Selenium – You need to have foods rich in selenium such as tuna, Brazil nuts, halibut, mushrooms, organ meats, beef, sunflower seeds, and soybeans.

Zinc – Some of the best natural sources of Zinc include sardines, maple syrup, walnuts, soybeans, sunflower seeds, almonds, pecans, split peas, Brazil nuts, ginger root, whole grains,

Copper – Sunflower seeds, crabmeat, oysters, beef, lobster, nuts, beans, dark chocolate, shiitake mushrooms, tomato paste, and pearled barley are some of the best sources of copper.

Iron – Make sure you include some of the following sources of iron to ensure ample intake of the essential mineral and maintain healthy thyroid levels in your body:

  • Oysters
  • Blackstrap molasses
  • Spinach
  • Clams
  • Lentils
  • Soybeans
  • White beans
  • Pumpkin seeds

Vitamin A (beta-carotene)

This is an important ingredient to ensure good health of thyroid. Make sure you include kale, asparagus, carrots, broccoli, spinach, sweet potatoes, lettuce, liver, pumpkin, winter squash, or cantaloupe in your diet.

Vitamin C

Make sure you get an adequate dose of vitamin C in your diet by including the following as far as following:

Parsley, broccoli, strawberries, papaya, brussels sprouts, bell peppers, sweet peppers, guava, cauliflower, citrus, kiwifruit, and greens.

Vitamin E

This vitamin is known to have a cellular effect on the thyroid gland combined with the pituitary gland and adrenals. Vitamin E functions closely with selenium because both are crucial for the appropriate conversion of T4 to T3. Some of the rich sources of Vitamin E include almonds, peanuts, sunflower seeds, leafy green vegetables, beans, whole grains, asparagus, soybeans, and liver.

Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)

Egg yolks, organ meats, wild rice, wheat germ, Brewer’s yeast, mushrooms, almonds

Vitamin B3 (niacin)

Thyroid diet foods include must include rice bran, poultry (white meat), liver, peanuts (with skin), wheat bran, and Brewer’s yeast.

Vitamin B6 (pyroxidine)

The vitamin is found in abundance in beans, salmon, tuna, liver, trout, bananas, sunflower seeds, brown rice, walnuts, wheat germ, and Brewer’s yeast.

Diet Foods to Avoid for Thyroid Conditions

Make sure you stay away from the following foods to maintain thyroid levels. As stated in a reputed health magazine, all of these foods are known to interrupt the functioning of the thyroid:


Studies have revealed that isoflavones found in soybeans may obstruct enzyme that supplements iodine to thyroid peroxidase (TPO), the thyroid hormone. Soy isoflavone tends to unite with iodine present in the body, shrinking the reserve for production of thyroid. The major issue lies with the iodine levels present in the body.


Most people are not aware about the close connection between intolerance for gluten, celiac disease, and issues of the autoimmune thyroid. Doctors strictly recommend staying away from this food for thyroid patients. Gluten is known to be responsible for creating digestive issues and hormonal imbalances. Those with gluten insensitivity to gluten can improve thyroid functioning by eliminating gluten from their diets.

Brassica Family

The group of vegetables is quite popular. These include broccoli, brussel sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower. The vegetables are known to minimize thyroid hormone just as soy. Goiter, enlarged thyroid is linked to a deficiency of iodine. Goitrogens are found in a number of foods such as peanuts, spinach, strawberries, etc. These are found in smaller amounts. Hence, there’s no harm in consuming the foods. All you need to do is pair them with iodine-rich foods to counteract metabolization plummeting iodine. Goitrogenic compounds can be effectively broken down by steaming or cooking these vegetables.

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